Ellen Carol DuBois, Feminism and Suffrage: The Emergence of an Independent Women's Movement in America, 1848-1869, 1978. Nancy F. Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism, 1987. Nancy Caraway, Segregated Sisterhood: Racism and the Politics of American Feminism, 1991. Joan Hoff, Law, Gender and Injustice: A Legal History of . Women, 1991. Judy Wellman, "The Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention: A Study of Social Networks," Journal of Women's History 3 (Spring 1991): 9-37. Ellen Carol DuBois, "Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Bradwell, Minor, and Suffrage Militance in the 1870s," in Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism, eds. Nancy A. Hewitt and Suzanne Lebsock, 1993, pp. 19-40. Suzanne M. Marilley, Woman Suffrage and the Origins of Liberal Feminism in the United States, 1820-1920, 1996. Ellen Carol DuBois, Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage, 1997. Nancy Isenberg, Sex and Citizenship in Antebellum America, 1998.
Women have achieved impressive advances during the last century, but progress has been uneven across the world. The main impediments to attaining equality have often been a combination of culture and religion. In North America, women have approached near equality in commerce, business, the military, etc. The main hold-outs in North America have been conservative religious denominations, of which the largest are the Roman Catholic Church , the Southern Baptist Convention, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , all of whom restrict or prohibit female ordination.